Kopumā, Lībija pēc pilsoņu kara 2011 gadā, kas beidzās ar Muamara Kadafi režīma likvidēšanas, turpina būt nedroša un nestabila valsts ar daudz resursiem: gan naftu, gan gāzi, gan citiem izrakteņiem Vidusjūrā, bet kamēr notika iekšēji "karakungu" konflikti tā it kā bija Lībijas iekšējā lieta, un vairāk no Lībijas prasīja, lai viņas piekrasti neizmantotu jūras pirāti bēgļu pārsūtīšanai.

Tad 2020 gada sākumā šī nosacīti Lībijas iekšējā lietā, kļuva atkal par starptautisku problēmu, pateicoties Turcijas aktivitātēm saistībā ar Turcijas okupētās Ziemeļkipras un Lībijas teritoriālo ūdeņu izmantošanas militaras argumenta pastiprināšnas rezultātā.


Un šāda nostāja jau šai konfliktā iesaista Grieķiju, Ēģipti un Arābu emirātus (Al Nahyan ģimeni).
Khalifa Haftar Announces Shkeirat Agreements Are Dead, Military Will Govern The Country

On April 27th, Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, commander of the Libyan National Army made a televised address to the nation.

Statements such as this from him are rare, and this is the second one he does in less than 7 days.

In short, all prospects for a political solution in Libya are mostly dead and buried.
In his appeal, Haftar announced the breakdown of the Shkeirat Agreements of 2015, which became the basis for the creation of the Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli and the beginning of peace negotiations between the parties to the conflict.
Haftar said that in accordance with the wishes of the people, the Libyan army takes on the role of governing the country and promised to free the country from terrorists.
Citāts:“Free Libyans! We pay tribute to you for your solidarity with and support for your armed forces and the renewal of your trust in its commander, officers, and soldiers while they proceed with their continuous victories to liberate the country from terrorism.
The armed forces could not have achieved these victories without the trust of the Libyan people, due to the sacrifices of your officers and soldiers with their lives and blood, to ensure the safety of the country and for Libyans to live free on their own soil.
Free Libyans! We have followed up your response to our call to you to announce the fall of the Political Agreement, which has destroyed the country and led it to the abyss, and to authorize those you consider eligible to lead this stage.”
Haftar essentially said that the military would take control of the country’s governance, and not he, himself, specifically as MSM would suggest:
Citāts:“We express our honor to the Libyan people for authorizing the General Command to undertake this historic mission under the current exceptional circumstances, and their revocation of the Political Agreement to be part of the past according to the decision of the Libyan people—the source of all authority. We thus announce that the General Command of the Armed Forces accepts the will of the people despite the burden of that trust, multiplicity of obligations, and the magnitude of responsibilities before God, our people, and conscience and history.
We shall always remain at the disposal of the Libyan people and will not spare any effort to stop their suffering. Serving the citizens, protecting their rights, realizing their hopes and aspirations, and harnessing all the resources for the exigencies of the public good—shall always be our foremost priority. We will work towards creating the conditions for building durable institutions of the civil state according to the will and ambitions of the Libyan people while completing the march of liberation until full success is achieved, God Willing!”
Haftar “no longer seeks to conceal his ontempt for a political solution and democracy in Libya,” GNA adviser Mohammed Ali Abdallah was quoted as saying in response.
Mohammed Ali Abdallah, further said:
Citāts:“Haftar has once more exposed his authoritarian intentions to the world. He no longer seeks to conceal his contempt for a political solution and democracy in Libya.”
The Government of National Accord itself issued the following statement in response:
Citāts:“The obsession with power and stupidity has reached its full limit. He announces a new coup, thereby complementing the series of first-timers in which he took part since ancient times. This step of the war criminal did not surprise us at all. This was expected in light of the failure of his adventure to capture the capital the Rebel [Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar] even opposed those who supported him all these years …
We appeal to all members of the House of Representatives to join their colleagues in Tripoli in order to start a comprehensive dialogue on the road to democracy and solve everything through the ballot box. We extend a hand to all the deceived sons of Libya, especially in the east, so that they know about the true intention of the aggressor, who seeks power at their expense, blood and souls. Once again, we urge them to lay down their arms and take the right side.”
The United States Embassy in Libya also published a statement, saying that Haftar’s proclamation was regretful.
“The United States regrets Libyan National Army (LNA) commander Haftar’s suggestion that changes to Libya’s political structure can be imposed by unilateral declaration. The Embassy nevertheless welcomes any opportunity to engage LNA commander Haftar and all parties in serious dialogue about how the country can move forward. As civilians continue to suffer during the holy month of Ramadan and the COVID-19 pandemic threatens more lives, we urge the LNA to join the Government of National Accord in declaring an immediate humanitarian cessation of hostilities leading to a lasting ceasefire as formulated in 5+5 talks under UNSMIL facilitation on February 23 in Geneva.”
Now, the House of Representatives, based in Tobruk, essentially faces a choice: to support the Field Marshal [and the military], giving him political legitimacy or not, and thereby confront him.
No statement has been released as of yet, and it should be reminded that up until now Haftar always said that the LNA fights on behalf of the House of Representatives.
Just days earlier, on April 23rd he called on Libyans to abandon the Shkeirat agreements. The council has undermined the dignity of the people, relinquished the sovereignty of the state and destroyed its economy, he said in a televised address. It has also employed oil revenues in supporting militias and bringing in mercenaries.
Citāts:“[GNA President Fayez] al-Sarraj’s joy will not last,” vowed Haftar. “The LNA has defeated terrorism in Benghazi, Derna, the oil crescent region and central and southern Libya and it will continue its fight in Tripoli,” he declared.
The Shkeirat Agreements, signed in 2015, are considered by the UN as the basis for a political settlement in Libya. The document was signed by representatives of the main Libyan factions.

Militia leader Haftar claims mandate to rule Libya, UN-backed government denounces 'coup'

Citāts:Libya's UN-recognised government Tuesday accused rival military strongman Khalifa Haftar of seeking to stage a new coup after he claimed to have a "popular mandate" to govern the country.

Accused by critics of wanting to install a new military dictatorship, Haftar, who controls swathes of eastern and southern Libya, announced his self-styled "army" was "proud to be mandated with the historic task" of leading Libya.

Haftar claims legitimacy from an  eastern-based parliament elected in 2014, but the body has not said whether it supported his move. He did not offer specifics on how he had received his "mandate" or from which institution.
France said on Tuesday that the Libyan conflict could not be solved through unilateral decisions, but only under UN-backed dialogue after Libya's eastern-based military leader Khalifa Haftar's move to seize control of the country.
"The solution to the Libyan conflict can only go through dialogue between the parties under the aegis of the United Nations, not through unilateral decisions," foreign ministry deputy spokesman Olivier Gauvin said in a statement that made no direct reference to Haftar.

"There is no alternative to an inclusive political solution, as part of the conclusions of the Berlin conference," Gauvin said, adding Paris was attached to Libya's unity and stability.
Haftar said on Monday his Libyan National Army (LNA) was accepting a "popular mandate" to rule over the country, apparently brushing aside the civilian authorities which nominally govern eastern Libya. 
Libya's UN-recognised government Tuesday accused rival military strongman of seeking to stage a new coup.

Accused by critics of wanting to install a new military dictatorship, Haftar, who controls swathes of eastern and southern Libya, announced his self-styled "army" was "proud to be mandated with the historic task" of leading Libya.

Analysts said his move was a sign he wanted to consolidate his power after a series of setbacks earlier this month, when the interim government forces captured a string of strategic towns west of Tripoli.
The oil-rich North African nation has been gripped by chaos since the ouster and killing of longtime dictator Moamer Kadhafi in 2011, with rival administrations in the east and west vying for power.
Haftar claims legitimacy from an eastern-based parliament elected in 2014, but the body has not said whether it supported his move.
He did not offer specifics on how he had received his "mandate" or from which institution.
Nor did he say whether the parliament, which was forced to move its headquarters after violence ripped apart Tripoli six years ago, would be dissolved.

A source close to Haftar said he was preparing to announce a new government in eastern Libya.
Haftar also announced the end of the Skhirat Agreement, a 2015 UN-mediated deal signed in Morocco that produced the Tripoli-based unity government.

'Rising desperation' 

In a pre-dawn statement, the Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli denounced Haftar's announcement as "a farce and the latest in a long series of coups d'etat".
Haftar previously announced the end of the Skhirat Agreement in 2017 and three years earlier also said on television that he was taking power in Libya.

The United Nations, which mediated the deal, voiced concern Tuesday over Haftar's move.
"For us the (Skhirat) agreement, the institutions that come out of this agreement, remain the sole internationally recognised framework of government in Libya," said UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric.
Pro-Haftar forces have been battling to seize Tripoli since April last year but their offensive stalled on the edge of the capital. 

Earlier this month GNA forces ousted them from two key coastal cities west of Tripoli.
Backed by Turkey, they are now encircling Haftar's main rear base at Tarhunah, 60 kilometres (39 miles) southeast of the capital.

The GNA claimed Haftar's latest announcement was an attempt to "conceal the defeat of his militias and mercenaries" and "the failure of his dictatorial project".

Hamish Kinnear, an analyst at Verisk Maplecroft, said his move "to formalise his direct control of eastern Libya is a sign of his rising desperation in the face of GNA successes in western Libya".
"By sweeping aside the authority of the (parliament) and electing himself as undisputed leader in the east, Haftar is making himself central to any negotiated solution," Kinnear said.

In recent months, foreign military support has exacerbated Libya's conflict, with the United Arab Emirates and Russia backing Haftar and Ankara supplying the GNA.

On Tuesday however, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said Moscow "is still convinced that the only possible solution in Libya depends on political and diplomatic contacts between the parties to the conflict".

Washington called for dialogue between the two sides and a "humanitarian" truce.
European Union spokesman Peter Stano said "any attempt to push forward unilateral solutions -- even more so by force -- will never provide a sustainable solution" for Libya. 

Divided lawmakers 

Like Libya itself, lawmakers are divided between those who support Haftar and those in Tripoli who oppose him. 

On Tuesday, the GNA invited "those lawmakers remaining in the east to rejoin their colleagues in Tripoli to resume dialogue and relaunch the political process".

Emad Badi, a Libya analyst at the Atlantic Council, said Haftar hoped to establish himself as the only power in eastern Libya and oust any actors in favour of dialogue.
(FRANCE 24 with AFP and REUTERS)
"Kā cilvēks, kam trūkst pašcieņas, nav dīdzējs, bet nīcējs, tā arī tauta, kurai nav pašapziņas." K.Mīlenbahs
In October, a new ceasefire was agreed between the LNA and the GNA. In November, it was decided to hold the national presidential election on December 24, 2021.

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